Title, Democracia y totalitarismo. Volume of Biblioteca Breve · Biblioteca Breve. Ciencias Humanas · Biblioteca breve (Seix Barral).: Ciencias humanas. Democracia y totalitarismo. Front Cover. Raymond Aron. Seix Barral, – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Democracia y totalitarismo. Democracia y totalitarismo by Raymond Aron; 1 edition; First published in
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Democracia y totalitarismo
In any case, politics are more important to Aron than economics, and this will be one of its various objections to Marxism, the dominant creed among French intellectuals from the second half of the 20th century. In reaction to the accusations claiming that parties only represent some particular oligarchies, Aron believes them to be necessary for the existence of political pluralism. As Aron suggested, change will come from a split in the privilege minority owning the power.
It was still a fiction because, for them, only the single political party represented the proletariat.
The book conclusion is the imperfection of both regimes, democracies and totalitarianism, but it is necessary to distinguish between a regime essentially imperfect and other one evidently imperfect. The monopoly is justified since the political party is the only authentic representation, because its objective is the construction of a new and more fair society. Until which point could it evolve after the de-Stalinization driven by Khrushchev? Democracy and totalitarianism includes the democracla lectures Aron taught at the Sorbonne University inwhen France was immersed in the Algerian war and the General De Gaulle was about to take power to establish the presidential rule of the French Fifth Republic.
There was no need to wait for an uprising of the governed.
Aron knew perfectly the man who was going to govern France. Review by Antonio R.
All are imperfect, but paraphrasing Orwell, we could say some are more imperfect than others. Rubio Plo Democracy and totalitarianism.
There is no doubt that by then changes were introduce in the economic aspect and the revolutionary fervor of the Marxist faith seemed to be weakened. Aron believes in liberal democracy, but distrusts the unanimities and even more the ideologies which aim at building perfect systems.
When revolutionary movements take power, one oligarchy usually replaces other. It is always worthy wondering if the authors raised to the category of classics are men of their time who could be considered old-fashioned nowadays. On the contrary, he knew how to use his seduction abilities until the point democraxia becoming a dictator like the ones of the Roman Republic, a man lauded by totalitaeismo who looked for a savior ttalitarismo France that could put an end to the discredit of the parliamentary republic institutions that existed up to then.
During his life, he wrote outstanding economic analysis, but this was not incompatible with his affirmation totalitarismk it is not always easy to know what economic powers want, although he underlines that it is very simple to affirm that it is a unitary force.
One of his most interesting observations is the presence of contrast between the soviet reality and the constitutional fictions. Nevertheless, this could not be used for the transformation of the system because party monopoly, ideological orthodoxy and bureaucratic absolutism continued.
Democracia y totalitarismo – Raymond Aron – Google Books
The logical conclusion is the identification between State and party. This is not the case totalitrismo Raymond Aron, the French political analyst and sociologist who some would want to circumscribe its relevance to the interwar period and the Cold War. Ideology has become a mean to an end. Review by Antonio Rubio Plo, international politics analyst and professor of comparative politics and Spanish foreign aeon. Aron also emphasizes the weaknesses of democracies in the foreign policy domain, due to its tendency to question plain facts and their doubts when assuming risks.
Here, fanaticism is not incompatible with some scepticism.
Democracia y totalitarismo | Open Library
Otherwise, which political regime would be free of not being identified as an oligarchy? In short, democracy can disappoint, but alternatives are much worse. We will be told that the world has changed and each time it changes more, that there are few certainties and that the thinkers of the past, although this one is recent, are not of great utility.
On another level, the author underlines the contrast between communist determinism and the role played by the will of the leaders.
They will doubtlessly useful. In this way, as Aron correctly remarks, the Fifth Republic really became the Third Empire, of course a parliamentary and plebiscitary Empire. These are very capable, as Lenin and Stalin showed, of sacrificing doctrine for the relevant action. Once again, the unconditional unanimities.